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Programming 101: Parts of Programming Languages Explained

Programming 101: Parts of Programming Languages Explained

Are you new in the area of computer? While computer programming for novices comes with a certain degree of difficulty, it’s still achievable especially if you’re equipped with the fundamental principles and concepts.

Apart from the crucial elements of programming languages, computer programming for novices also needs you to be familiar of the various language classes including compiled languages, mark-up languages, and programming languages. Additionally it is sensible to have full comprehension of the general principles and theories behind each and every programming language.

Writing a program involves storing data in addition to manipulating it by way of a set of instructions. Included in the information are countable and time aspects like titles, dates, and descriptions. By way of data types, you will have the ability to discover the way the data must be saved and used. One of such parts are:

Data Types

Any computer language includes data types because they help preserve information within the program. However, programming languages have some constraints on the data types they supply. One of the popular data types are pointers, characters, numbers, and strings. Numbers come in integers or points. String data conceals internals which can be manipulated via vulnerable functions. Furthermore, character data type stocks up symbols, numbers, letters, and spaces while the pointer means a part of memory which may also be used for storing arrays.


Wannabe developers have to realize that factors provide them with momentary storeroom for any info needed while the app is utilized. Variables also play a fantastic role in transferring information from one part of this program to another. There is also the so-called local variable that may be accessed or modified by a predetermined part of a program and global variables that are accessible to any portion of the program.

Testing Conditions

These permit you to discover the route through a program by implementing a code with value as the foundation. This value, which is variable, another saying, or continuous, is contrasted against an expression. In the event the validations became ineffective, many computer languages allow you to specify a chunk of code that has to be implemented using “else” statement.


Since it’s an important part of a programming language, it’s wise that you have a fantastic comprehension of the various kinds of outputs in most the computer programming languages. Among the popular types is text output, which provides a basic way of showing the result of a specific computer program. Graphical output is somewhat difficult and it requires higher resolution.

If you would like to know the coding concepts faster, you should play with the codes on daily basis. If you do not practice enough, you won’t have the ability to get it right.

The Basics of Writing a Computer Program

Everyday, we browse the internet in the search of the best bezel less monitor. We play games, we make spreadsheets, we store data, we create articles, we watch a movie. All of these activities are done in one single computer. Do you know that in order for the computer do what you want them to do, they are actually responding to a set of instructions that telling them what to do. Computers are responding to a computer program.

So what exactly is programming?

Every computer program is a series of instructions, a sequence of separate small commands, one after the other. There may be five instructions contained in a program, maybe 5,000, maybe 5,000,000, each instruction is telling the computer to do something very small but very specific. And the art of programming is to take larger idea and break it apart into these individual steps and the wonderful thing is everyone can already do this.

Let’s imagine that you’re sitting in your house in the suburbs waiting for a visit from a friend. Your phone rings!, it’s her and she’s asking for directions. She tells you that she’s at a nearby gas station and you know it, you pass it everyday, it’s on your way home. So that journey, point A to point B drops into your head as one piece, but you instantly know that you can’t communicate the journey the way you understand it.

You have to break down instructions into simpler parts. Your instructions will have to be specific, simple, clear, and self-contained instructions. Now you know that sequence here is vitally important, you mix these up and you’ll get very different results.

So with programming, we are giving directions to the computer. It’s breaking a more complex idea to the smallest possible individual task. A programming language is then used to write those instructions. If you’ve never programmed it’s not clear right now what those instructions might be. It’s probably not turn right and turn left.

What are those basic fundamental instructions you give a computer?

The instructions are often very basic. Just like driving directions, you string together enough computer instructions to get you far. Computers will do exactly what you tell them. So the instructions you give them better make sense. In programming languages, we write these instructions by writing statements.

Statements and programming languages are similar to sentences in English. Words, numbers, and punctuation are used to express one thought to form one individual piece. Depending on the programming language, the words, numbers, and punctuation may vary. For example the use of semicolon in the end, or the use of uppercase in some languages. Understanding the rule of each language is understanding the syntax of a programming language.

Programming is the ability to take this idea in your head, break it apart into its individual pieces, and know how to write those pieces depending on the programming language used at the time. Writing your statements in the right order using the right syntax.